From School-Developed Curriculum to School-Based Curriculum: The Action Strategies for Curriculum Leadership of Principals
According to the Curriculum Guidelines of 12-Year Basic Education, school-developed curriculum planning and school-based curriculum development are important. School leader must be curriculum leaders, what is often referred to as the principal. Principal is an important role in school, who must not only take responsibility for administrative leadership, but must be a curriculum leader. From school-developed curriculum planning to develop the school-based curriculum, which shows the change of curriculum ideals and the shift of curriculum paradigms in the Curriculum Guidelines of 12-Year Basic Education General Guidelines. In summary, the following four features were made: 1. highlight the point of view for dynamic curriculum development; 2. take curriculum development as learning organization; 3. see school curriculum development as a process of deliberating democracy; 4. take school curriculum development as developing self and spirit of agents. According to the ideal of the new curriculum guidelines, the action strategies for curriculum leadership of principals, the following ten conclusions were made: 1. grasp the curriculum development pulsation in visionary thinking; 2. garner consensus of school curriculum vision in group-discussion method; 3. organize the teacher learning community; 4. create an atmosphere of curriculum development in school; 5. integrate the resource of inside and outside school to support the curriculum development in school; 6. finish the school curriculum pictures and curriculum framework collaboratively; 7. construct the scaffolding for teachers professional development; 8. coordinate the process of curriculum implementation; 9. integrate curriculum study and curriculum management; 10. construct feedback mechanism of curriculum evaluation.
|關鍵詞||十二年國民基本教育、校長、校訂課程、課程領導、學校本位課程發展、12-year basic education、principal、school-developed curriculum、curriculum leadership、school-based curriculum development|