The Problem of Entering Advanced Schools in Taiwan: A Sociology of Education Review on Theory and Research
The problem of entering advanced schools is the core of educational problems in Taiwan. This article reviews literature on Sociology of Education theory and research which is related to the problem of entering advanced schools， and tries to clarify the root within the problem of entering advanced schools and related educational problems. The conclusion shows that education in Taiwan not only promotes our occupation and income， but also represents an important social status in itself， which is even more important than the former. Hence， it results in serious competition and pressure of entering advanced schools. For students， it brings many problems， such as their studies， their personality， physical and mental development problems. For teachers and parents， it increases their burden. Therefore， lots of educational reform in Taiwan， such as the educational expansion to senior high schools and universities and multiple entrance program， are to satisfy intensive educational demand and reduce the pressure of entering advanced schools， as well as to promote human capital， economic development and equality of educational opportunity. However， most of educational reform policies are not based on native research but on general impressions or foreign theories. As a result， the rapid educational expansion makes the quality of education worse， brings problems of overeducation， and its contribution towards human capital and economic development is doubtful. The pressure of entering advanced schools extends to higher entrance threshold; besides， it doesn’t promote the equality of educational opportunity. Hence， the root of problem can not be understood and sometimes the educational reform brings more problems than before.
|關鍵詞||教育改革、教育擴充、經濟發展、教育機會均等、Educational reform、Educational expansion、Economic development、Equality of educational opportunity|