What Kind of a Role Can Taiwanese Culture Play in the World Culture? —John W. Meyer’s New Institutionalism and Its Implications for the Research of Education and Culture in Taiwan
This paper begins with a review of several articles by Meyer and colleagues that have been translated and published in Germany. First, similarities and differences between the so called old and new institutionalism are described. Second, critical terms for new institutionalism such as ‘world culture’ and ‘world society’ are introduced and defined. Third, several kinds of new institutionalism are presented, so that Meyer’s approach can be seen more clearly. Fourth, there is a discussion of how social units within the ‘world culture’ and for a ‘world polity’ work in the understanding of the work of Meyer and colleagues. Next, the author summarizes and interprets the mechanisms of globalization within Meyer’s concept of new institutionalism. From the findings of their empirical studies, it can be seen that educational research and practice can be incorporated within a kind of ‘worldwide model’. In addition, several patterns or attitudes of educational or cultural research in Taiwan can be described using the framework of new institutionalism. Finally, the author notes that results of Taiwanese educational research are potentially able to make a contribution to world culture.
|關鍵詞||新制度主義、世界文化、理性化他者、全球化、new institutionalism、world culture、rationalized others、globalization|