What Would I. Kant Think?－Recent Personnel Reforms at German Universities
ide-scale reform of the faculty system used at German universities only began during the 21st century. This paper used document analysis to investigate these reform policies, beginning with the system used for appointing professors. Over 80 percent of the academic personnel at German universities are non-professor staff, giving rise to intense competition between promising young academics. Special attention is given to the difficulties faced by a “private lecturer” climbing the academic ladder. Also included is a discussion on how the professorial chair system developed out of medieval guilds, and how during the 1960s the universities controlled by tenured faculty were transformed into group universities. This paper also discussed the ban on universities from offering teaching positions to its former students, as well as the previous system of habilitation. Also covered was the introduction of short-term junior professorships during the latter part of the 20th century, as well as the gradual introduction of a performance-based pay scale. This paper concluded with a discussion of the problems related to these reforms, including organizational inertia, budgetary shortfalls in a cost-neutral situation, concerned about inbreeding as a result of the relaxing of the regulations preventing the hiring of former students as teaching staff, and the difficulty in evaluating performance.
|關鍵詞||人事制度、教育改革、德國大學、personnel system、educational reform、German university|