A Study of School Leadership Dynamics and Their Differences on School Effectiveness in Elementary Schools
The purpose of this study were is to analyze the school leadership dynamics and differences they produce in terms of the effectiveness of elementary schools. The school leadership dynamics is are a variable that combines the scores of principals’ transformational leadership, teachers’ self-management and the leadership community at the school. This study chose 45 sample elementary schools in Taiwan. A representative sample,including teachers and administrators, was selected from each school, to answer a questionnaire that consisted of 14 dimensions. The study utilized Cluster Analysis to classify the 45 schools based on their leadership dynamics, and it was found that the schools could be divided into four types: the Dynamic Integrated School, the Administrative Vertical School, the Teacher Horizontal School and the Static Inertia School. Significant differences were found among the four types of schools in terms of school effectiveness. The school effectiveness in the Dynamic Integrated School and the Teacher Horizontal School were higher than the Administrative Vertical School and the Static Inertia School. Finally, the concept of leadership dynamics is helpful to integrate principals’ transformational leadership, teachers’ self-management and the leadership community at the school. Most importantly, it indicates specifically that the principal leadership should focus on building the leadership community at the school and on helping to increase teachers’ self-management abilities.
|關鍵詞||校長轉型領導、教師自我管理、學校效能、學校領導社群、學校領導動力、principals'transformational leadership、teachers'selfmanagement、school effectiveness、leadership community of school、leadership dynamics|