Are They Really Lagging Behind?: A Three-Year Longitudinal Comparison of Academic Performance Between the Southeast Asian Female Immigrants’ children and the Local Children
This study aimed to investigate the academic performance of children of Southeast Asian female immigrants through three-year longitudinal survey. The local contrast groups were defined as children who were of the same gender, from the same homeroom class, and had fathers with similar educational backgrounds. Samples were collected from metropolitan areas of New Taipei City, Taoyuan County, and Taichung City (riginally, Taichung County), and from non-metropolitan areas such as Yunlin County, Pingtung County, and Penghu County. There were a total of 422 immigrants' children and 400 local contrast samples, from first grade to fifth grade in elementary school. Subjects were followed from 2005 to 2007. The results indicated that immigrants' children's performance in Chinese and Mathematics generally fell behind the average. In metropolitan areas, for Chinese learning, the fifth graders displayed decline in academic performance during the three years; in non-metropolitan areas, the sign of decline appeared when children were at the third and fifth grade. No significant differences were shown in students' math performance. Furthermore, at the third year after follow-up, there were no ethnic differences. These results suggest that since these students were capable of getting higher grades, their mothers' ethnic background was not the key factor to achievement differences between immigrant groups and local groups. However, the area of residence may be a key difference.
|關鍵詞||東南亞裔新移民女性、追蹤調查、國語學業成就、新移民子女、數學學業成就、Southeast Asian female immigrants、 longitudinal study、 academic performance in mathematics、 children of immigrants、 academic performance in Chinese|