Close to the end of Chou Dynasty， there was another Confucius contemporary， Hsun─tzu. In his book entitled Hsun─tzu， it is easy to discover the cultural tradition and Confucius thoughts. Very frequently Hsun─tzu would quote the Book of Odes as a conclusion of his discussion. It is evident that Hsun─tzu believes Chinese principles of governing a nation. Lived in the flourishing period of hundred schools， Hsun─tzu， took the advantage of absorbing various thoughts in addition to Confucius school. And he established his own theories full of improvement. He developed many concepts which had been rare in the Great Analects and Mencius. He advocated psychological points of view such as feeling and preferences mind and its functions of knowing， thinking and decision─making. He even raised the idea of classification of terms. He insisted that Li and Yi plus laws were the ways to carry out Ethics. The most important thoughts of his was that he said the Heaven was a natural phenomena and has nothing to do with human conducts. Man， he said：ought to control the nature and use the natural resources.
Hsun─tzu insists that to educate people to be virtuous is an important policy and the goal of education is to cultivate every man to be gentleman by means of teaching and principles.