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篇名
以科學探究精神開展通識教育:Schwab在芝加哥大學的超越與實踐   全文下載 更多文章
並列篇名
Transforming General Education through Scientific Enquiry: The Curriculum Development and Implementation of Schwab at the University of Chicago
作者 陳鏗任蔡曉楓
中文摘要
美國大學通識教育在二十世紀兩次大戰之間快速繁盛,戰後又迅速萎縮。本文回顧1940年代以降,Schwab(1909-1980)在芝加哥大學所推動的一系列融合科學家的探究(enquiry)精神,其將Hutchins等人高懸的通識教育理想具體開展實現為大學教學課程的歷程。儘管1960年代之後,學院(The College)面臨萎縮,讓通識教育的理念無以為繼,但是,芝加哥大學推動通識教育的經驗在其他學校的通識課程中成為參考的元素。而在學院中與學術同儕共同發展通識課程的慎思籌劃經驗,也鑄成了日後Schwab在課程理論的實踐論述。
英文摘要
Reforms of and reflections on general education in colleges of the United States thrived from the end of the First World War to the Second World War. This essay provides a detailed overview of the general education reform led by Joseph Jackson Schwab (1909-1980) from the 1940s to 1960s at the University of Chicago, where he transformed the ideals of Robert Maynard Hutchins et al. into a reality. Schwab devoted himself to expanding the place of science in the general education of undergraduate students and placed particular emphasis on biological sciences. Even though his practices were too hard to continue, his insightful legacy has become a critical point of reference when discussing the ultimate aims and practical methods of general education. Eventually, his latter theoretical "Practical" essays in curriculum studies were partly motivated and then came to mature due to his curriculum deliberation experience with his colleagues at Chicago.
起訖頁 71-108
關鍵詞 通識教育芝加哥大學Schwabgeneral educationUniversity of Chicago
刊名 教育研究集刊
期數 201206 (58:2期)
出版單位 國立臺灣師範大學教育學系
DOI 10.3966/10288708201206003  複製DOI
該期刊-上一篇 效用、基本善與能力發展-論「平等」的多元視野及其教育蘊義
該期刊-下一篇 透視官方知識之生成-高中「生活科技」教科書政治脈絡分析
 
   
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