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篇名
論「通過/不通過制」在大學教育的誤用與重塑   全文下載 更多文章
並列篇名
On the Misuse and Reestablishment of the Pass/Fail Grading System in University Education
作者 林俊儒林昆翰何萬順
中文摘要
本文首先釐清「通過/不通過制」(Pass/Fail,簡稱P/F制)的學習評量方式與「百分制」和「等第制」之異同,以及P/F制與成績平均積點(grade point average,簡稱GPA)的關係,並且呈現P/F制在臺灣高等教育發展上與零學分課程之間的緊密連結。接著,從學分與授課的對應關係,說明「服務學習」、「教學實務與實習」與「外語能力檢定」此三種零學分課程如何誤用P/F制,並指出其中的可能弊端以及背後的政策思維。從教育政策的角度觀察,P/F制與其他評量方式各有利弊得失。在提示P/F制的適用課程、對象與階段的理論基礎上,本文主張多元的學習規劃設計,建議大學可從多元的學習評量方式著手,重塑教學管理的方向,期能更加符合適才適所的教育精神。
英文摘要
In this paper, we argue for the misuse of pass/fail grading system (P/F) in Taiwan’s zero-credit courses and depict the potential drawbacks and the thinking behind such policies. We first clarify the similarities and differences between P/F and other grading systems and explain the relationship between P/F and grade point average (GPA). We then reveal the close connection between P/F and the development of zero-credit courses in Taiwan’s university education. Based on the correspondence between credits and credit hours, we further demonstrate how P/F is seriously misused in the zero-credit courses of “service-learning”, “internship and practice of teaching”, and “graduation requirement of foreign language proficiency” and point out their possible drawbacks and the thinking behind such policies. From the perspective of education policies, P/ F, like other grading systems, has its advantages and disadvantages. Building on the discussion of the theoretical foundation of P/F’s suitability and applicability in terms of courses, participants, and learning phases, we propose a diversified approach towards designing learning planning. We thus further suggest that by considering a diversified range of grading possibilities, universities can reshape the direction of course management to better facilitate students’ individual educational goals.
起訖頁 067-089
關鍵詞 成績平均積點通過/不通過制零學分課程學習評量學習規劃grade point averagepass/failzero-credit coursegrading evaluationlearning planning
刊名 教育研究集刊
期數 201909 (65:3期)
出版單位 國立臺灣師範大學教育學系
DOI 10.3966/102887082019096503003  複製DOI
該期刊-上一篇 公立國中小教師介聘案例暨相關法律問題探討
該期刊-下一篇 臺灣教育行政學遺失的一塊:兩格論戰之意義及其在教育行政之啟示
 
   
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